Barbell Vs. Dumbbell Shoulder Press: Which Is Better for Building Deltoid Muscles?
Improve deltoid training and build a more impressive body by comparing two of the most effective shoulder exercises: the dumbbell overhead press and the barbell press.
When showing off a big, wide physique, big, muscular delts can set you apart. Width is an instant indicator of power, strength and incredible body. The goal is to reap the rewards of all the sweat, sacrifice and hard work you tirelessly in the gym, so why not get the most out of it?
Shoulder presses, lateral raises, upright rows, and shoulder shrugs are all well-known tools essential for anyone dreaming of deltoids becoming a reality. But how do you choose the best way to build muscle for your deltoid? The shoulder press is the granddaddy of all deltoid presses, with various variants and techniques to quickly gain power and support other lifts. The two most common are the barbell and dumbbell shoulder presses. Each has its unique advantages, but let's break down these two basic moves into their respective parts and see which action is better.
Barbell Shoulder Press
The barbell shoulder press is on the same list as the bench press, squats, and rowing, and is only exercise for those looking to gain their deltoid muscle. As a multi-joint exercise, the barbell shoulder press allows you to use more weight for long-term overload to gain power. The techniques are similar for both versions as a standing or seated exercise. Hold the bar in your forehand, a few inches wider than your shoulders.
Start with the bar about an inch from your collarbone, but don't rest. In one motion, press the weight in front of your face, with your elbows at about a 45-degree angle to your upper body. As the bar moves up, it gradually slopes over your head until it reaches the top. At this point, the bar should be over your head and not in front of it. Without locking the elbows, squeeze the deltoids and descend in a controlled manner.
Pros: The multi-joint nature of the barbell shoulder press, unlike other movements, build muscle and strength. Activating the front and medial parts of the deltoid complex, the barbell shoulder press is also beneficial for building power and strength in other areas, such as the traps, triceps, and upper chest. Simple, essential, and relevant to practical use, it's useful.
Disadvantage: Since overall muscle is the main advantage of the barbell version, it cannot distribute the load to the rear delts, potentially causing injury if not exercised properly. The conceit often lifts its ugly head, and the shoulder press becomes a shoulder burner rather than a builder. Short distances and a tendency to use too much weight are two red flags regarding injuries. Impacts, chronic soreness, and upper and lower back strains are common when you take them to extremes.
Dumbbell Shoulder Press
The dumbbell shoulder press is another tedious exercise you'll see at your local gym. Often preferred over the barbell version due to equipment availability (usually with a barbell shoulder press rack), the dumbbell press is an efficient movement for full muscle development. Like the barbell version, this exercise can be done either sitting or standing. For this article, we will discuss sitting.
Take a pair of dumbbells and lift them over your shoulders, palms facing forward. With your elbows facing out (not forward), push the dumbbells up and slightly arch your head until they meet in the top position without locking the elbows and the dumbbells not touching. Lower the dumbbells down under control until they are about to touch your shoulders.
Pros: Since you're using two dumbbells that move independently, this version of the press forces you to use more of your supporting muscles. Also, because the elbows point to the sides (unlike the barbell version, which means slightly forward), you get more muscle fibers from the medial and posterior delts. Finally, since you'll be using a more independent range of motion, you won't have to use as much weight, reducing your risk of injury.
Cons: If you have balance, range of motion, or ego issues, there are better choices than the dumbbell shoulder press. If you're doing half-reps with a lot of weight, you're asking for trouble. Some people also need help getting the weight up to the starting position. Finally, maintain an upright upper body position on a bench or seat. I see too many people sinking into the seat, the movement will change from a shoulder press to an incline bench press.
Of course, the choice ultimately comes down to your personal preference, comfort level, and injury propensity. Both have practical, real-world applications, the barbell version will put more load on your anterior deltoid with heavier loads, while the dumbbell version will help refine the entire deltoid area, which requires more control and Skill.
You can easily incorporate these two movements into your current training program, rotating the barbell press for heavier strength days and dumbbell presses for lighter, higher rep build days. The choice is yours, but both will serve you well.